what are the effects of alcohol in pregnancy

Everyone knows that the consumption of alcohol is not safe for the human body. Alcohol damages our internal organs slowly and gradually. All kinds of alcohol affect our body in some or other way including wine, beer, scotch, etc.

Pregnancy is the time duration when a woman needs most of the care, nutrition and requires a healthy lifestyle. All the food that is eaten by the mother is also consumed by the baby through the placenta. Including drugs, alcohol, medicines, etc.

When a woman drinks alcohol it moves easily through her bloodstream and in the placenta and from the placenta to the bloodstream of the developing fetus. The placenta is the only source of nutrition for the unborn child. The blood-alcohol level of the baby rise as high as mothers which can be dangerous.

The woman should not take alcohol even when she is sexually active because she might get pregnant and expose her child to alcohol. There is no proven safe amount of alcohol for a woman during pregnancy.

Not only the mother but the father is also responsible for the health of the unborn child. The heavy consumption of alcohol can affects the men’s sperm. As when the sperm fertilizes with the female egg than the newly formed embryo may suffer from the effects of alcohol.  Up to 40,000 babies are born with FASDs each year in the U.S

Alcohol is a toxic substance while most of the adults can usually safely metabolize the moderate amount of alcohol. Whereas, the fetus is more vulnerable. The liver of fetus not able to break down the alcohol. This vulnerability causes severe damage to the developing brain and another organ of the fetus.

Prolong use of alcohol can result from tragic effects on developing a fetus. Due to the use of alcohol during pregnancy can cause the occurrence of lifelong disorders to the baby such as:

  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), the term FASDs categorized into several disorders.

(a) Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

(b) Partial fetal alcohol syndrome

(c) Neurobehavioral disorder

Excessive consumption of alcohol also causes the:

  • Increased risk of Miscarriage
  • Increased risk of Stillbirth

The individual who born with FASDs certainly have some symptoms include:

  • Small size of head
  • Low body weight
  • Less attentive
  • Language delays
  • Weak memory
  • Shorter in height
  • Hearing problems
  • Vision defects
  • Problem Kidney, Heart, or Bones

Treatments may conclude:

Early diagnosis helps the family members and teachers to know the reason behind the strange behaviour of the child. By knowing this child can receive an appropriate education.

An absence of violence is another important factor for the improvement of the child.

Medical care and medication are required for those who suffered from FASD. Well-baby care, good nutrition, hygiene environment, basic medical care.

Counselling is the essential factor that can help the child to improve its ability.

Family support plays a vital role. A child can learn how to behave in a society and able to gain knowledge about his culture, religious, beliefs and practices through his family actions.

Yoga and exercise help the child to regain its physical and mental strength. It improves the breathing function and circulation of blood throughout the body.